- Arthur Sedgman
- Given names
|Birth|| 12 October 1873|
|Australian History|| 1873|
Note: Uluru is first sighted by Europeans, and named Ayers Rock.
|Australian History|| 1875 (Age 14 months)|
Note: SS Gothenburg strikes Old Reef off North Queensland and sinks with the loss of approximately 102 lives.
Note: Adelaide Steamship Company is formed.
|Australian History|| 1878 (Age 4)|
Note: First horse-drawn trams in Australia commenced operations in Adelaide.
|Australian History|| 1879 (Age 5)|
Note: The first congress of trade unions is held.
|Australian History|| 1880 (Age 6)|
Note: The bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged.
Note: Parliamentarians in Victoria become the first in Australia to be paid for their work.
|Australian History|| 1882 (Age 8)|
Note: First water-borne sewerage service in Australia commenced operations in Adelaide.
|Australian History|| 1883 (Age 9)|
Note: The opening of the Sydney-Melbourne railway
Note: Silver is discovered at Broken Hill
|Australian History|| 1887 (Age 13)|
Note: An Australian cricket team is established, defeating England in the first Ashes series. First direct Inter-colonial passenger trains begin running between Adelaide and Melbourne.
|Australian History|| 1889 (Age 15)|
Note: The completion of the railway network between Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney.
Note: Sir Henry Parkes delivers the Tenterfield Oration.
|Australian History|| 1890 (Age 16)|
Note: The Australian Federation Conference calls a constitutional convention.
|Australian History|| 1891 (Age 17)|
Note: A National Australasian Convention meets, agrees on adopting the name 'the Commonwealth of Australia' and drafting a constitution.
Note: The first attempt at a federal constitution is drafted.
Note: The Convention adopts the constitution, although it has no legal status
Note: A severe depression hits Australia
|Australian History|| 1892 (Age 18)|
Note: Gold is discovered at Coolgardie, Western Australia.
|Australian History|| 1893 (Age 19)|
Note: The Corowa Conference (the 'people's convention') calls on the colonial parliaments to pass enabling acts, allowing the election of delegates to a new constitutional convention aimed at drafting a proposal and putting it to a referendum in each colony.
|Australian History|| 1894 (Age 20)|
Note: South Australia becomes the first Australian colony, and the second place in the world, to grant women the right to vote, as well the first Parliament in the world to allow women to stand for office.
|Australian History|| 1895 (Age 21)|
Note: The premiers, except for those of Queensland and Western Australia, agree to implement the Corowa proposals.
Note: Waltzing Matilda is first sung in public, in Winton, Queensland
Note: Banjo Paterson publishes The Man from Snowy River
|Australian History|| 1896 (Age 22)|
Note: The Bathurst Conference (the second 'people's convention') meets to discuss the 1891 draft constitution
|Australian History|| 1897 (Age 23)|
Note: In two sessions, the Second National Australasian Convention meets (with representatives from all colonies except Queensland present). They agree to adopt a constitution based on the 1891 draft, and then revise and amend it later that year.
Note: Catherine Helen Spence became the first female political candidate for political office, standing for election as a representative for South Australia.
|Australian History|| 1898 (Age 24)|
Note: The Convention agrees on a final draft to be put to the people.
Note: After much public debate, the Victorian, South Australian and Tasmanian referendums are successful; the New South Wales referendum narrowly fails. Later New South Wales votes 'yes' in a second referendum, and Queensland and Western Australia also vote to join.
|Australian History|| 1899 (Age 25)|
Note: The decision is made to site the national capital in New South Wales, but not within 100 miles of Sydney.
Note: The Australian Labor Party holds office for a few days in Queensland, becoming the first trade union party to do so anywhere in the world.
Note: The first contingents from various Australian colonies are sent to South Africa to participate in the Second Boer War.
|Marriage||Rosina Hunter - View family|
1900 (Age 26)
Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
|Australian History|| 1900 (Age 26)|
Note: Several delegates visit London to resist proposed changes to the agreed-upon constitution.
Note: The constitution is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom as a schedule to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, and is given royal assent
|Australian History|| 1901 (Age 27)|
Note: (01 Jan) Australia becomes a federation on 1 January. Edmund Barton becomes Prime Minister; the 7th Earl of Hopetoun becomes Governor-General
Note: The first parliament met in Parliament House, Melbourne
Note: Immigration Restriction act was introduced- The White Australian Policy
Note: The Australian National Flag was flown for the first time
| Birth of a daughter|
| 4 March 1902 (Age 28)|
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
daughter - Emma Haines Sedgman
|Australian History|| 1902 (Age 28)|
Note: The Franchise Act guarantees women the right to vote in federal elections (by this stage, most states had already done this). However, it excludes most non-European ethnic groups, including Aboriginal people, unless already registered to vote on State roles.
Note: King Edward VII approved the design of the Australian flag.
Note: Breaker Morant is executed for having shot Boers who had surrendered
|Australian History|| 1903 (Age 29)|
Note: The High Court of Australia is established with Samuel Griffith as the first Chief Justice.
Note: The Defence Act gives the federal government full control over the Australian Army
Note: Alfred Deakin elected Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1904 (Age 30)|
Note: A site at Dalgety, New South Wales chosen for the new national capital
Note: Chris Watson forms the first federal Labor (minority) government
|Australian History|| 1906 (Age 32)|
Note: Australia takes control of south-eastern New Guinea
|Australian History|| 1908 (Age 34)|
Note: Dorothea Mackellar publishes My Country
Note: The Dalgety proposal for the national capital is revoked, and Canberra is chosen instead
|Australian History|| 1909 (Age 35)|
Note: The first powered aeroplane flight in Australia is made.
|Australian History|| 1910 (Age 36)|
Note: Andrew Fisher forms the first federal majority Labor government.
|Australian History|| 1911 (Age 37)|
Note: The Royal Australian Navy is founded
Note: The Northern Territory comes under Commonwealth control, being split off from South Australia
Note: The first national census is conducted.
Note: Australian Capital Territory proclaimed.
|Australian History|| 1912 (Age 38)|
Note: Australia sends women to the Olympic Games for the first time
Note: Walter Burley Griffin wins a design competition for the new city of Canberra
|Australian History|| 1913 (Age 39)|
Note: Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth cross the Blue Mountains.
Note: Matthew Flinders refers to New South Wales by the name 'Australia'.
|Australian History|| 1913 (Age 39)|
Note: The foundation stone for the city of Canberra is put in place
|Australian History|| 1914 (Age 40)|
Note: Australian soldiers are sent to the First World War. This was first time Australians had fought under the Australian flag, as opposed to that of Britain's.
|Australian History|| 1915 (Age 41)|
Note: (25 APRIL)Australian soldiers land at Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey on 25 April.
Note: Jervis Bay Territory comprising 6,677 hectares surrendered and becomes part of the Australia Capital Territory.
Note: Surfing is first introduced to Australia
Note: Billy Hughes became Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1916 (Age 42)|
Note: Hotels are forced to close at 6 p.m., leading to the beginning of the 'six o'clock swill'
Note: Australia suffers heavy casualties in the Western Front Battle of the Somme.
Note: The Returned Sailors� and Soldiers� Imperial League of Australia, the forerunner to the Returned and Services League of Australia is founded
Note: The Labor government under Billy Hughes splits over conscription. First referendum on conscription is rejected
|Australian History|| 1917 (Age 43)|
Note: Second referendum on conscription is rejected. Transcontinental railway linking Adelaide to Perth is completed.
Note: Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade launches last cavalry charge in modern warfare to capture Beersheba from the Ottoman Turks.
|Australian History|| 1918 (Age 44)|
Note: (08 AUG) Battle of Amiens
Note: Australian troops spearhead 8 August offensive against Hindenberg Line - the 'black day of the German Army'.
Note: On 12 August, Australian commander General Sir John Monash is knighted in the field of battle by King George V
Note: First World War ends - 60,000 Australians dead.
Note: The Darwin Rebellion takes place, with 1,000 demonstrators demanding the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John A. Gilruth.
|Australian History|| 1919 (Age 45)|
Note: Prime Minister Billy Hughes signs Treaty of Versailles: the first signing of an international treaty by Australia. Australia obtains League of Nations mandate over German New Guinea.
|Australian History|| 1920 (Age 46)|
Note: The airline Qantas is founded
|Australian History|| 1921 (Age 47)|
Note: Edith Cowan becomes the first woman elected to an Australian parliament
|Australian History|| 1922 (Age 48)|
Note: The Smith Family charity is founded in Sydney
|Australian History|| 1923 (Age 49)|
Note: Vegemite is first produced
|Australian History|| 1926 (Age 52)|
Note: The first Miss Australia contest is held
|Australian History|| 1927 (Age 53)|
Note: The tenth parliament is formally opened in Canberra, finalising the move to the new capital
|Australian History|| 1928 (Age 54)|
Note: Bert Hinkler makes the first successful flight from Britain to Australia, and Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first flight from the United States to Australia. The Shrine of Remembrance is built.
|Australian History|| 1929 (Age 55)|
Note: Western Australia celebrates its centenary
Note: Labor returns to office under James Scullin. The Great Depression hits Australia.
|Australian History|| 1930 (Age 56)|
Note: Batsman Don Bradman scores a record 452 not out in one cricket innings
Note: Phar Lap wins his first Melbourne Cup
|Australian History|| 1931 (Age 57)|
Note: Sir Douglas Mawson charts 4,000 miles of Antarctic coastline and claims 42% of the icy mass for Australia
|Australian History|| 1932 (Age 58)|
Note: The Sydney Harbour Bridge opens
Note: The Labor government falls and Joseph Lyons becomes Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1933 (Age 59)|
Note: Western Australia votes at a rerefendum to secede from the Commonwealth, but the vote is ignored by both the Commonwealth and British governments
| Birth of a granddaughter|
| 21 May 1934 (Age 60)|
Kaniva, Victoria, Australia
granddaughter - Mildred Joyce Potts
|Australian History|| 1936 (Age 62)|
Note: The last Thylacine dies
|Australian History|| 1937 (Age 63)|
Note: The radio series Dad and Dave begins
|Australian History|| 1938 (Age 64)|
Note: Sydney hosts the Empire Games, the forerunner to the Commonwealth Games
|Australian History|| 1939 (Age 65)|
Note: (April) Prime Minister Lyons dies in office and is replaced by Robert Menzies and the first Menzies Government
Note: (September) Australia enters the Second World War following the German Invasion of Poland. The 2nd Australian Imperial Force is raised.
Note: The first flight is made by an Australian-made warplane, the Wirraway
Note: Victoria is devastated by the Black Friday bushfires
|Australian History|| 1940 (Age 66)|
Note: A team of scientists, under Howard Florey, develops penicillin
Note: Fascist Italy enters war, Royal Australian Navy engages Italian Navy in the early stages of the Battle of the Mediterranean.
|Australian History|| 1941 (Age 67)|
Note: 3 Divisions of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force join operations in the Mediterranean. After initial successes against Italy, 2nd AIF suffered defeat against the Germans in Greece, Crete, and North Africa.
Note: Apr-Aug, Australian garrison (Rats of Tobruk) halt advance of Hitler's panzers for the first time during the Siege of Tobruk.
Note: Menzies resigns and John Curtin becomes Prime Minister in the Curtin Government of 1941-45.
|Australian History|| 1942 (Age 68)|
Note: Feb, Fall of Singapore. 15,000 Australians become Prisoners of War of the Japanese
Note: 1942-43 - Japanese air raids - almost 100 attacks against sites in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland.
Note: The Royal Australian Navy and 6th and 7th Divisions of 2nd AIF are recalled from Mediterranean Theatre to participate in the anticipated Battle of Australia.
Note: 1942-3 - Sparrow Force engages in guerilla campaign in Battle of Timor
Note: Battle of the Coral Sea - United States and Royal Australian Navy halt advance of the Japanese towards Port Moresby (Australian Territory of Papua)
Note: Battle of Kokoda Trail - Australian soldiers halt Japanese march on Port Moresby
Note: Aug-Sep, Australian forces inflict the first defeat on the Imperial Japanese Army in the Battle of Milne Bay.
Note: Jul-Nov, Australia's 9th Division plays crucial role in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein, which turned the North Africa Campaign in favour of the Allies.
Note: National daylight saving is introduced as a war time measure.
Note: The UK Statute of Westminster is formally adopted by Australia. The Statute formally grants Australia the right to pass laws that conflict with UK laws.
|Australian History|| 1943 (Age 69)|
Note: Australia wins its first Oscar, with cinematographer Damien Parer honoured for Kokoda Front Line! documentary.
Note: 2,815 Australian Pows die constructing Japan's Burma-Thailand Railway
Note: 1943-44 - Australian forces engage Japan in New Guinea, Wau, and the Huon peninsula.
|Australian History|| 1944 (Age 70)|
Note: Cowra breakout, mass escape of Japanese prisoners of war occurs in NSW.
Note: Japanese inflict Sandakan Death March on 2,000 Australian and British prisoners of war - only 6 survive. The single worst war crime perpetrated against Australians.
Note: Australian forces battle Japanese garrisons from Borneo to Bougainville.
Note: The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme is introduced, providing subsidised medicine to all Australians
|Australian History|| 1945 (Age 71)|
Note: the Liberal Party of Australia is established with Robert Menzies as its first leader.
Note: Australian forces lead Battle of Borneo
Note: (7 May) Nazi Germany surrenders
Note: (July) Prime Minister Curtin dies and is replaced by Ben Chifley and the Chifley Labor Government
Note: (1 August) Japan Surrenders
Note: Australia becomes a founding member of the United Nations
Note: The Sydney-Hobart Yacht Race is held for the first time
|Australian History|| 1946 (Age 72)|
Note: Minister for Immigration Arthur Calwell introduces the major post-war immigration scheme
Note: Norman Makin, is voted in as the first President of the United Nations Security Council.
|Australian History|| 1948 (Age 74)|
Note: Minister for External Affairs, Dr. H.V. Evatt is elected President of the United Nations General Assembly.
Note: Australia becomes a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
|Australian History|| 1949 (Age 75)|
Note: Construction of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme begins
Note: All indigenous ex-servicemen and any Indigenous Australians who are eligible to vote in State Elections (NSW, VIC, SA and TAS) are given an unrestricted right to vote in Federal Elections.
Note: The Nationality and Citizenship Act is passed. Rather than being identified as subjects of Britain, the Act established Australian citizenship for people who met eligibility requirements.
Note: Menzies returns to power as leader of the new Liberal Party Menzies Government.
|Australian History|| 1950 (Age 76)|
Note: 1950-53 - Australian troops are sent to the Korean War to assist South Korea.
Note: Voters reject a referendum to change the Constitution to allow the Menzies Government to ban the Communist Party
|Australian History|| 1951 (Age 77)|
Note: Australia signs the ANZUS treaty with the United States and New Zealand
|Australian History|| 1952 (Age 78)|
Note: First nuclear test conducted in Australian territory by the United Kingdom off the coast of Western Australia.
|Australian History|| 1954 (Age 80)|
Note: Elizabeth II and Prince Philip make a royal visit; the Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov defects, leading to the Petrov Affair and another split in the Labor Party
|Australian History|| 1955 (Age 81)|
Note: Democratic Labor Party splits from Australian Labor Party over concerns of Communist influence in the labour movement
Note: Australia becomes involved in Malayan Insurgence
Note: Hotels in New South Wales no longer have to close at 6 p.m., ending the 'six o'clock swill'
|Australian History|| 1956 (Age 82)|
Note: Television in Australia is launched.
Note: Melbourne holds the Olympics
Note: performing artist Barry Humphries introduces Edna Everage to the Australian stage
|Australian History|| 1957 (Age 83)|
Note: The song 'Wild One' makes Johnny O'Keefe the first Australian rock'n'roller to reach the national charts.
Note: Slim Dusty's Australian country music hit Pub With No Beer becomes the first Australian song to attain international chart success.
|Australian History|| 1962 (Age 88)|
Note: Robert Menzies' Commonwealth Electoral Act provided that all Indigenous Australians should have the right to enrol and vote at federal elections, removing remaining restrictions applying in QLD, WA and NT.
Note: Malayan Insurgence ends
|Australian History|| 1964 (Age 90)|
Note: The Beatles tour Australia;
Note: 82 sailors die when HMAS Voyager sinks after being rammed by HMAS Melbourne;
Note: The editors of Oz magazine are charged with obscenity;
Note: PM Robert Menzies announces the reintroduction of compulsory military service for men aged from 18-25 years old;
Note: First troops sent to Vietnam War.
|Australian History|| 1965 (Age 91)|
Note: Indigenous Australians gain right to vote in state of Queensland
|Australian History|| 1966 (Age 92)|
Note: The ban on the employment of married women in the Commonwealth Public Service is lifted;
Note: Menzies retires as Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister and is succeeded by Harold Holt.
|Australian History|| 14 February 1966 (Age 92)|
Note: Decimalisation; on 14 February the Australian currency is changed to dollars and cents, with the Australian Dollar replacing the Australian pound.
|Australian History|| 1967 (Age 93)|
Note: Large areas of Hobart and south-eastern Tasmania are devastated by bushfires on 7 February that kill 62 people;
Note: Prime Minister Holt drowns and is succeeded by John Gorton;
Note: The constitution is changed to allow Aboriginal Australians to be included in the population count and for the federal government to legislate for them; Sydney is rocked by a series of brutal underworld killings;
Note: Talkback radio is introduced;
Note: British comedian Tony Hancock commits suicide in Sydney;
Note: Gough Whitlam becomes leader of the Labor Party;
Note: Ronald Ryan becomes the last person legally executed in Australia.
|Australian History|| 1968 (Age 94)|
Note: Australia signs the nuclear non-proliferation treaty; Aboriginal boxing champion Lionel Rose defeats Masahiko 'Fighting' Harada in Japan to become the world bantamweight champion; Australia's first liver transplant operation is performed in Sydney;
|Australian History|| 1969 (Age 95)|
Note: French conceptual artist Christo 'wraps' Little Bay in Sydney;
Note: Renowned author-artists Norman Lindsay and May Gibbs die;
Note: The Australian production of the rock musical Hair premieres in Sydney;
Note: Top pop groups The Easybeats and The Twilights break up; Tim Burstall directs2000 Weeks, the first all-Australian feature released since Charles Chauvel's Jedda in 1958
|Australian History|| 1970 (Age 96)|
Note: More than 200,000 people participate in the largest demonstrations in Australian history, against the Vietnam War
|Australian History|| 1971 (Age 97)|
Note: Neville Bonner becomes the first Aborigine to become an Australian Member of Parliament;
Note: John Gorton resigns and is succeeded by William McMahon
Note: The 1971 Springbok tour sparks protest all throughout Australia. Premier of Queensland Joh Bjelke-Petersen declares a state of emergency in QLD in response to escalating protest.
Note: Daylight Saving is introduced to New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory.
|Australian History|| 1972 (Age 98)|
Note: The Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Commission rules that women doing the same job as men have the right to be paid the same wage.
Note: Aboriginal Tent Embassy erected in response to the Coalition government's approval of exploration licences and mining tenements on reserves
Note: The first Labor government since 1949 is elected under the leadership of Gough Whitlam
Note: Australia recognizes the People's Republic of China
Note: Queensland abandons Daylight Saving.
|Australian History|| 1973 (Age 99)|
Note: The Sydney Opera House is opened
Note: The White Australian Policy (established 1901) is officially dismantled
Note: Vietnam War ends
Note: The federal voting age is dropped from 21 to 18
Note: Unionists save the historic 'The Rocks' area of Sydney from demolition by introducing 'Green Bans'
Note: Patrick White becomes the first Australian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature
|Australian History|| 1974 (Age 100)|
Note: Darwin is devastated by Cyclone Tracy
|Australian History|| 1975 (Age 101)|
Note: (November) A constitutional crisis occurs when Malcolm Fraser blocks supply, bringing the nation to a standstill until Governor-General John Kerr dismisses Prime Minister Gough Whitlam on the 11.11.75. Fraser wins elections and becomes Prime Minister
Note: The 'Privy Council (Appeals from the High Court) Act removes the right to appeal High Court decisions to the British Privy Council. Appeals to the Privy Council direct from State Supreme Courts remain until 1988.
Note: South Australia becomes the first state in Australia to legalise homosexuality between consenting adults in private.
Note: Whitlam government introduced the Aboriginal Land (NT) Bill into Parliament. The bill proposed land rights in the Northern Territory based on land claimed on grounds of need as well as traditional affiliation and traditional landowners maintaining control over mining and development.
|Australian History|| 1976 (Age 102)|
Note: The Australian Capital Territory legalises homosexuality between consenting adults in private.
|Australian History|| 1977 (Age 103)|
Note: Advance Australia Fair becomes Australia's official national anthem
Note: Granville rail disaster killed eighty-three people
Internal reference I8613Last change 11 October 2003 - 00:32
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