General Sir James Melville BabingtonAge: 811854–1936
- General Sir James Melville Babington
- Name prefix
- General Sir
- Given names
- James Melville
|Birth|| 31 July 1854|
|Australian History|| 1854|
Note: The Eureka Stockade
|Australian History|| 1855 (Age 5 months)|
Note: The transportation of convicts to Norfolk Island ceases.
Note: All men over 21 years of age obtain the right to vote in South Australia.
|Australian History|| 1856 (Age 17 months)|
Note: Van Diemen's Land name changed to Tasmania.
|Australian History|| 1857 (Age 2)|
Note: Victorian Committee reported that a 'federal union' would be in the interests of all the growing colonies. However, there was not enough interest in or enthusiasm for taking positive steps towards bringing the colonies together.
Note: Victorian men achieve the right to vote.
|Australian History|| 1858 (Age 3)|
Note: Sydney and Melbourne linked by electric telegraph.
Note: New South Wales men achieve the right to vote.
|Australian History|| 1859 (Age 4)|
Note: SS Admella wrecked off south-east coast of South Australia with the loss of 89 lives.
Note: Australian rules football codified, Melbourne Football Club founded
Note: Queensland separates from New South Wales with its western border at 141 degrees E.
|Australian History|| 1860 (Age 5)|
Note: John McDouall Stuart reaches the centre of the continent. South Australian border changed from 132 degrees E to 129 degrees E.
|Australian History|| 1861 (Age 6)|
Note: The ill-fated Burke and Wills expedition occurs.
Note: skiing in Australia introduced by Norwegians in the Snowy Mountains goldrush town of Kiandra
|Australian History|| 1862 (Age 7)|
Note: Stuart reaches Port Darwin, founding a settlement there. Queensland's western border is moved to 139 degrees E.
|Australian History|| 1863 (Age 8)|
Note: South Australia takes control of the Northern Territory which was part of the colony of New South Wales.
|Australian History|| 1867 (Age 12)|
Note: Gold is discovered at Gympie, Queensland.
Note: Saint Mary MacKillop founds Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart.
|Australian History|| 1868 (Age 13)|
Note: The transportation of convicts to Western Australia ceases.
|Australian History|| 1869 (Age 14)|
Note: Children of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent are removed from their families by Australian and State government agencies.
|Australian History|| 1872 (Age 17)|
Note: Overland Telegraph Line linking Darwin and Adelaide opens.
Lieutenant in the 16th Lancers, known as the Scarlets1873 (Age 18)
In 1873, Babington was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the 16th Lancers, known as the Scarlets. From 1877 to 1880 he was Adjutant of the regiment, and in 1884 he accompanied Sir Charles Warren on the Bechuanaland Expedition, where he was "honourably mentioned". From January 1889 to July 1890, Captain Babington was Aide-de-camp to Sir Evelyn Wood when the latter was commanding at Aldershot. This post was both a liberal military education and a marked compliment to the Lancer's ability: Sir Evelyn was known to surround himself with only the most capable of officers. Returning as a Major to regimental duty, Babington succeeded to the command of the 16th Lancers in 1892. From 1896 to 1899 he was Assistant Adjutant-General in India. Returning to England he was Staff Commander of the Cavalry Brigade at Aldershot. During the Second Boer War, Babington commanded the 1st Cavalry Brigade. He was regarded as an expert in the management and deployment of every sort of mounted troop, and he gained many a decisive victory in South Africa, earning himself a name to be feared among the Boers. He left South Africa in September 1901, returning to England in early October. From 1902 to 1907, he was in New Zealand as Commander of the New Zealand Defence Force and appointed honorary Colonel of the 5th Mounted Rifles (Otago Hussars). Returning to England, he was given the command of the Lowland Mounted Brigade from 1908 to 1913. On the outbreak of the First World War he was given the Command of the 23rd Division (United Kingdom), part of Kitchener's Army. He was then described as "an elderly but fearless man who was universally popular". Under him, the 23rd became known as "a remarkably hard-fighting and efficient division". He was one of only a few commanding officers who saw to it that his men were properly kitted out, obtaining approval to spend £17,000 on clothing, and sending two officers to the north of England before the Division went overseas to buy 20,000 sets of underclothes and boots. Following the War he was Commander of the British Forces in Italy. He retired with the rank of Lieutenant General. He held the French Croix de guerre with Palm, and the Italian Croce di Guerra. He was a Commander of the Legion of Honour and an Officer of the Military Order of Savoy. Babington lived at Pinnacle Hill, near Kelso, Roxburghshire, which his family came to through the Maitlands of Penpont. He married Eleanor Lawson (1868–1943), daughter of Thomas James Lawson of Veteran Hall, Prospect, New South Wales. Their son, Geoffrey Babington (1902–1956), married Lady Anne Katherine Granville Scrope Egerton (1908-1964), daughter of John Egerton, 4th Earl of Ellesmere, and sister of the 6th Duke of Sutherland.
|Australian History|| 1873 (Age 18)|
Note: Uluru is first sighted by Europeans, and named Ayers Rock.
|Australian History|| 1875 (Age 20)|
Note: SS Gothenburg strikes Old Reef off North Queensland and sinks with the loss of approximately 102 lives.
Note: Adelaide Steamship Company is formed.
|Australian History|| 1878 (Age 23)|
Note: First horse-drawn trams in Australia commenced operations in Adelaide.
|Australian History|| 1879 (Age 24)|
Note: The first congress of trade unions is held.
|Australian History|| 1880 (Age 25)|
Note: The bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged.
Note: Parliamentarians in Victoria become the first in Australia to be paid for their work.
|Australian History|| 1882 (Age 27)|
Note: First water-borne sewerage service in Australia commenced operations in Adelaide.
|Australian History|| 1883 (Age 28)|
Note: The opening of the Sydney-Melbourne railway
Note: Silver is discovered at Broken Hill
|Australian History|| 1887 (Age 32)|
Note: An Australian cricket team is established, defeating England in the first Ashes series. First direct Inter-colonial passenger trains begin running between Adelaide and Melbourne.
|Australian History|| 1889 (Age 34)|
Note: The completion of the railway network between Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney.
Note: Sir Henry Parkes delivers the Tenterfield Oration.
|Australian History|| 1890 (Age 35)|
Note: The Australian Federation Conference calls a constitutional convention.
|Australian History|| 1891 (Age 36)|
Note: A National Australasian Convention meets, agrees on adopting the name 'the Commonwealth of Australia' and drafting a constitution.
Note: The first attempt at a federal constitution is drafted.
Note: The Convention adopts the constitution, although it has no legal status
Note: A severe depression hits Australia
|Australian History|| 1892 (Age 37)|
Note: Gold is discovered at Coolgardie, Western Australia.
|Australian History|| 1893 (Age 38)|
Note: The Corowa Conference (the 'people's convention') calls on the colonial parliaments to pass enabling acts, allowing the election of delegates to a new constitutional convention aimed at drafting a proposal and putting it to a referendum in each colony.
|Australian History|| 1894 (Age 39)|
Note: South Australia becomes the first Australian colony, and the second place in the world, to grant women the right to vote, as well the first Parliament in the world to allow women to stand for office.
|Australian History|| 1895 (Age 40)|
Note: The premiers, except for those of Queensland and Western Australia, agree to implement the Corowa proposals.
Note: Waltzing Matilda is first sung in public, in Winton, Queensland
Note: Banjo Paterson publishes The Man from Snowy River
|Australian History|| 1896 (Age 41)|
Note: The Bathurst Conference (the second 'people's convention') meets to discuss the 1891 draft constitution
|Marriage||Eleanor Lawson - View family|
June 1897 (Age 42)
|Australian History|| 1897 (Age 42)|
Note: In two sessions, the Second National Australasian Convention meets (with representatives from all colonies except Queensland present). They agree to adopt a constitution based on the 1891 draft, and then revise and amend it later that year.
Note: Catherine Helen Spence became the first female political candidate for political office, standing for election as a representative for South Australia.
|Australian History|| 1898 (Age 43)|
Note: The Convention agrees on a final draft to be put to the people.
Note: After much public debate, the Victorian, South Australian and Tasmanian referendums are successful; the New South Wales referendum narrowly fails. Later New South Wales votes 'yes' in a second referendum, and Queensland and Western Australia also vote to join.
|Australian History|| 1899 (Age 44)|
Note: The decision is made to site the national capital in New South Wales, but not within 100 miles of Sydney.
Note: The Australian Labor Party holds office for a few days in Queensland, becoming the first trade union party to do so anywhere in the world.
Note: The first contingents from various Australian colonies are sent to South Africa to participate in the Second Boer War.
|Australian History|| 1900 (Age 45)|
Note: Several delegates visit London to resist proposed changes to the agreed-upon constitution.
Note: The constitution is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom as a schedule to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, and is given royal assent
|Australian History|| 1901 (Age 46)|
Note: (01 Jan) Australia becomes a federation on 1 January. Edmund Barton becomes Prime Minister; the 7th Earl of Hopetoun becomes Governor-General
Note: The first parliament met in Parliament House, Melbourne
Note: Immigration Restriction act was introduced- The White Australian Policy
Note: The Australian National Flag was flown for the first time
| Birth of a son|
| 1902 (Age 47)|
|Australian History|| 1902 (Age 47)|
Note: The Franchise Act guarantees women the right to vote in federal elections (by this stage, most states had already done this). However, it excludes most non-European ethnic groups, including Aboriginal people, unless already registered to vote on State roles.
Note: King Edward VII approved the design of the Australian flag.
Note: Breaker Morant is executed for having shot Boers who had surrendered
|Australian History|| 1903 (Age 48)|
Note: The High Court of Australia is established with Samuel Griffith as the first Chief Justice.
Note: The Defence Act gives the federal government full control over the Australian Army
Note: Alfred Deakin elected Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1904 (Age 49)|
Note: A site at Dalgety, New South Wales chosen for the new national capital
Note: Chris Watson forms the first federal Labor (minority) government
|Australian History|| 1906 (Age 51)|
Note: Australia takes control of south-eastern New Guinea
|Australian History|| 1908 (Age 53)|
Note: Dorothea Mackellar publishes My Country
Note: The Dalgety proposal for the national capital is revoked, and Canberra is chosen instead
|Australian History|| 1909 (Age 54)|
Note: The first powered aeroplane flight in Australia is made.
|Australian History|| 1910 (Age 55)|
Note: Andrew Fisher forms the first federal majority Labor government.
|Australian History|| 1911 (Age 56)|
Note: The Royal Australian Navy is founded
Note: The Northern Territory comes under Commonwealth control, being split off from South Australia
Note: The first national census is conducted.
Note: Australian Capital Territory proclaimed.
|Australian History|| 1912 (Age 57)|
Note: Australia sends women to the Olympic Games for the first time
Note: Walter Burley Griffin wins a design competition for the new city of Canberra
|Australian History|| 1913 (Age 58)|
Note: Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth cross the Blue Mountains.
Note: Matthew Flinders refers to New South Wales by the name 'Australia'.
|Australian History|| 1913 (Age 58)|
Note: The foundation stone for the city of Canberra is put in place
|Australian History|| 1914 (Age 59)|
Note: Australian soldiers are sent to the First World War. This was first time Australians had fought under the Australian flag, as opposed to that of Britain's.
|Australian History|| 1915 (Age 60)|
Note: (25 APRIL)Australian soldiers land at Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey on 25 April.
Note: Jervis Bay Territory comprising 6,677 hectares surrendered and becomes part of the Australia Capital Territory.
Note: Surfing is first introduced to Australia
Note: Billy Hughes became Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1916 (Age 61)|
Note: Hotels are forced to close at 6 p.m., leading to the beginning of the 'six o'clock swill'
Note: Australia suffers heavy casualties in the Western Front Battle of the Somme.
Note: The Returned Sailors� and Soldiers� Imperial League of Australia, the forerunner to the Returned and Services League of Australia is founded
Note: The Labor government under Billy Hughes splits over conscription. First referendum on conscription is rejected
|Australian History|| 1917 (Age 62)|
Note: Second referendum on conscription is rejected. Transcontinental railway linking Adelaide to Perth is completed.
Note: Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade launches last cavalry charge in modern warfare to capture Beersheba from the Ottoman Turks.
|Australian History|| 1918 (Age 63)|
Note: (08 AUG) Battle of Amiens
Note: Australian troops spearhead 8 August offensive against Hindenberg Line - the 'black day of the German Army'.
Note: On 12 August, Australian commander General Sir John Monash is knighted in the field of battle by King George V
Note: First World War ends - 60,000 Australians dead.
Note: The Darwin Rebellion takes place, with 1,000 demonstrators demanding the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John A. Gilruth.
|Australian History|| 1919 (Age 64)|
Note: Prime Minister Billy Hughes signs Treaty of Versailles: the first signing of an international treaty by Australia. Australia obtains League of Nations mandate over German New Guinea.
|Australian History|| 1920 (Age 65)|
Note: The airline Qantas is founded
|Australian History|| 1921 (Age 66)|
Note: Edith Cowan becomes the first woman elected to an Australian parliament
|Australian History|| 1922 (Age 67)|
Note: The Smith Family charity is founded in Sydney
|Australian History|| 1923 (Age 68)|
Note: Vegemite is first produced
|Australian History|| 1926 (Age 71)|
Note: The first Miss Australia contest is held
|Australian History|| 1927 (Age 72)|
Note: The tenth parliament is formally opened in Canberra, finalising the move to the new capital
|Australian History|| 1928 (Age 73)|
Note: Bert Hinkler makes the first successful flight from Britain to Australia, and Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first flight from the United States to Australia. The Shrine of Remembrance is built.
|Australian History|| 1929 (Age 74)|
Note: Western Australia celebrates its centenary
Note: Labor returns to office under James Scullin. The Great Depression hits Australia.
|Australian History|| 1930 (Age 75)|
Note: Batsman Don Bradman scores a record 452 not out in one cricket innings
Note: Phar Lap wins his first Melbourne Cup
|Australian History|| 1931 (Age 76)|
Note: Sir Douglas Mawson charts 4,000 miles of Antarctic coastline and claims 42% of the icy mass for Australia
|Australian History|| 1932 (Age 77)|
Note: The Sydney Harbour Bridge opens
Note: The Labor government falls and Joseph Lyons becomes Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1933 (Age 78)|
Note: Western Australia votes at a rerefendum to secede from the Commonwealth, but the vote is ignored by both the Commonwealth and British governments
| Birth of a grandson|
| 7 January 1936 (Age 81)|
grandson - David Henry Anthony Babington
|Australian History|| 1936 (Age 81)|
Note: The last Thylacine dies
|Death|| 15 June 1936 (Age 81)|
|Family with Eleanor Lawson - View family|
General Sir James Melville Babington
Birth 31 July 1854 Corstorphine, Scotland
Death 15 June 1936 (Age 81)
Birth 7 December 1868 27 "Errowanbang", Carcoar, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage: June 1897
5 years#1 son
Lieutenant-Colonel Geoffrey Babington
Birth 1902 47 33
Death 8 December 1956 (Age 54) Age: 54 Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland