Joyce Gwendoline Bell?–1981
- Joyce Gwendoline Bell
- Given names
- Joyce Gwendoline
|Australian History|| 1917|
Note: Second referendum on conscription is rejected. Transcontinental railway linking Adelaide to Perth is completed.
Note: Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade launches last cavalry charge in modern warfare to capture Beersheba from the Ottoman Turks.
|Australian History|| 1918|
Note: (08 AUG) Battle of Amiens
Note: Australian troops spearhead 8 August offensive against Hindenberg Line - the 'black day of the German Army'.
Note: On 12 August, Australian commander General Sir John Monash is knighted in the field of battle by King George V
Note: First World War ends - 60,000 Australians dead.
Note: The Darwin Rebellion takes place, with 1,000 demonstrators demanding the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John A. Gilruth.
|Australian History|| 1919|
Note: Prime Minister Billy Hughes signs Treaty of Versailles: the first signing of an international treaty by Australia. Australia obtains League of Nations mandate over German New Guinea.
|Australian History|| 1920|
Note: The airline Qantas is founded
|Australian History|| 1921|
Note: Edith Cowan becomes the first woman elected to an Australian parliament
|Australian History|| 1922|
Note: The Smith Family charity is founded in Sydney
|Australian History|| 1923|
Note: Vegemite is first produced
|Australian History|| 1926|
Note: The first Miss Australia contest is held
|Australian History|| 1927|
Note: The tenth parliament is formally opened in Canberra, finalising the move to the new capital
|Australian History|| 1928|
Note: Bert Hinkler makes the first successful flight from Britain to Australia, and Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first flight from the United States to Australia. The Shrine of Remembrance is built.
|Australian History|| 1929|
Note: Western Australia celebrates its centenary
Note: Labor returns to office under James Scullin. The Great Depression hits Australia.
|Australian History|| 1930|
Note: Batsman Don Bradman scores a record 452 not out in one cricket innings
Note: Phar Lap wins his first Melbourne Cup
|Australian History|| 1931|
Note: Sir Douglas Mawson charts 4,000 miles of Antarctic coastline and claims 42% of the icy mass for Australia
|Australian History|| 1932|
Note: The Sydney Harbour Bridge opens
Note: The Labor government falls and Joseph Lyons becomes Prime Minister
|Australian History|| 1933|
Note: Western Australia votes at a rerefendum to secede from the Commonwealth, but the vote is ignored by both the Commonwealth and British governments
|Australian History|| 1936|
Note: The last Thylacine dies
|Australian History|| 1937|
Note: The radio series Dad and Dave begins
|Australian History|| 1938|
Note: Sydney hosts the Empire Games, the forerunner to the Commonwealth Games
|Australian History|| 1939|
Note: (April) Prime Minister Lyons dies in office and is replaced by Robert Menzies and the first Menzies Government
Note: (September) Australia enters the Second World War following the German Invasion of Poland. The 2nd Australian Imperial Force is raised.
Note: The first flight is made by an Australian-made warplane, the Wirraway
Note: Victoria is devastated by the Black Friday bushfires
|Australian History|| 1940|
Note: A team of scientists, under Howard Florey, develops penicillin
Note: Fascist Italy enters war, Royal Australian Navy engages Italian Navy in the early stages of the Battle of the Mediterranean.
|Australian History|| 1941|
Note: 3 Divisions of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force join operations in the Mediterranean. After initial successes against Italy, 2nd AIF suffered defeat against the Germans in Greece, Crete, and North Africa.
Note: Apr-Aug, Australian garrison (Rats of Tobruk) halt advance of Hitler's panzers for the first time during the Siege of Tobruk.
Note: Menzies resigns and John Curtin becomes Prime Minister in the Curtin Government of 1941-45.
|Australian History|| 1942|
Note: Feb, Fall of Singapore. 15,000 Australians become Prisoners of War of the Japanese
Note: 1942-43 - Japanese air raids - almost 100 attacks against sites in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland.
Note: The Royal Australian Navy and 6th and 7th Divisions of 2nd AIF are recalled from Mediterranean Theatre to participate in the anticipated Battle of Australia.
Note: 1942-3 - Sparrow Force engages in guerilla campaign in Battle of Timor
Note: Battle of the Coral Sea - United States and Royal Australian Navy halt advance of the Japanese towards Port Moresby (Australian Territory of Papua)
Note: Battle of Kokoda Trail - Australian soldiers halt Japanese march on Port Moresby
Note: Aug-Sep, Australian forces inflict the first defeat on the Imperial Japanese Army in the Battle of Milne Bay.
Note: Jul-Nov, Australia's 9th Division plays crucial role in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein, which turned the North Africa Campaign in favour of the Allies.
Note: National daylight saving is introduced as a war time measure.
Note: The UK Statute of Westminster is formally adopted by Australia. The Statute formally grants Australia the right to pass laws that conflict with UK laws.
|Australian History|| 1943|
Note: Australia wins its first Oscar, with cinematographer Damien Parer honoured for Kokoda Front Line! documentary.
Note: 2,815 Australian Pows die constructing Japan's Burma-Thailand Railway
Note: 1943-44 - Australian forces engage Japan in New Guinea, Wau, and the Huon peninsula.
|Australian History|| 1944|
Note: Cowra breakout, mass escape of Japanese prisoners of war occurs in NSW.
Note: Japanese inflict Sandakan Death March on 2,000 Australian and British prisoners of war - only 6 survive. The single worst war crime perpetrated against Australians.
Note: Australian forces battle Japanese garrisons from Borneo to Bougainville.
Note: The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme is introduced, providing subsidised medicine to all Australians
|Australian History|| 1945|
Note: the Liberal Party of Australia is established with Robert Menzies as its first leader.
Note: Australian forces lead Battle of Borneo
Note: (7 May) Nazi Germany surrenders
Note: (July) Prime Minister Curtin dies and is replaced by Ben Chifley and the Chifley Labor Government
Note: (1 August) Japan Surrenders
Note: Australia becomes a founding member of the United Nations
Note: The Sydney-Hobart Yacht Race is held for the first time
|Australian History|| 1946|
Note: Minister for Immigration Arthur Calwell introduces the major post-war immigration scheme
Note: Norman Makin, is voted in as the first President of the United Nations Security Council.
| Birth of a son|
| 13 February 1947|
son - Alan John Gregg
|Australian History|| 1948|
Note: Minister for External Affairs, Dr. H.V. Evatt is elected President of the United Nations General Assembly.
Note: Australia becomes a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
|Australian History|| 1949|
Note: Construction of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme begins
Note: All indigenous ex-servicemen and any Indigenous Australians who are eligible to vote in State Elections (NSW, VIC, SA and TAS) are given an unrestricted right to vote in Federal Elections.
Note: The Nationality and Citizenship Act is passed. Rather than being identified as subjects of Britain, the Act established Australian citizenship for people who met eligibility requirements.
Note: Menzies returns to power as leader of the new Liberal Party Menzies Government.
|Australian History|| 1950|
Note: 1950-53 - Australian troops are sent to the Korean War to assist South Korea.
Note: Voters reject a referendum to change the Constitution to allow the Menzies Government to ban the Communist Party
|Australian History|| 1951|
Note: Australia signs the ANZUS treaty with the United States and New Zealand
|Australian History|| 1952|
Note: First nuclear test conducted in Australian territory by the United Kingdom off the coast of Western Australia.
|Australian History|| 1954|
Note: Elizabeth II and Prince Philip make a royal visit; the Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov defects, leading to the Petrov Affair and another split in the Labor Party
|Australian History|| 1955|
Note: Democratic Labor Party splits from Australian Labor Party over concerns of Communist influence in the labour movement
Note: Australia becomes involved in Malayan Insurgence
Note: Hotels in New South Wales no longer have to close at 6 p.m., ending the 'six o'clock swill'
|Australian History|| 1956|
Note: Television in Australia is launched.
Note: Melbourne holds the Olympics
Note: performing artist Barry Humphries introduces Edna Everage to the Australian stage
|Australian History|| 1957|
Note: The song 'Wild One' makes Johnny O'Keefe the first Australian rock'n'roller to reach the national charts.
Note: Slim Dusty's Australian country music hit Pub With No Beer becomes the first Australian song to attain international chart success.
|Australian History|| 1962|
Note: Robert Menzies' Commonwealth Electoral Act provided that all Indigenous Australians should have the right to enrol and vote at federal elections, removing remaining restrictions applying in QLD, WA and NT.
Note: Malayan Insurgence ends
|Australian History|| 1964|
Note: The Beatles tour Australia;
Note: 82 sailors die when HMAS Voyager sinks after being rammed by HMAS Melbourne;
Note: The editors of Oz magazine are charged with obscenity;
Note: PM Robert Menzies announces the reintroduction of compulsory military service for men aged from 18-25 years old;
Note: First troops sent to Vietnam War.
|Australian History|| 1965|
Note: Indigenous Australians gain right to vote in state of Queensland
|Australian History|| 1966|
Note: The ban on the employment of married women in the Commonwealth Public Service is lifted;
Note: Menzies retires as Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister and is succeeded by Harold Holt.
|Australian History|| 14 February 1966|
Note: Decimalisation; on 14 February the Australian currency is changed to dollars and cents, with the Australian Dollar replacing the Australian pound.
|Australian History|| 1967|
Note: Large areas of Hobart and south-eastern Tasmania are devastated by bushfires on 7 February that kill 62 people;
Note: Prime Minister Holt drowns and is succeeded by John Gorton;
Note: The constitution is changed to allow Aboriginal Australians to be included in the population count and for the federal government to legislate for them; Sydney is rocked by a series of brutal underworld killings;
Note: Talkback radio is introduced;
Note: British comedian Tony Hancock commits suicide in Sydney;
Note: Gough Whitlam becomes leader of the Labor Party;
Note: Ronald Ryan becomes the last person legally executed in Australia.
|Australian History|| 1968|
Note: Australia signs the nuclear non-proliferation treaty; Aboriginal boxing champion Lionel Rose defeats Masahiko 'Fighting' Harada in Japan to become the world bantamweight champion; Australia's first liver transplant operation is performed in Sydney;
|Australian History|| 1969|
Note: French conceptual artist Christo 'wraps' Little Bay in Sydney;
Note: Renowned author-artists Norman Lindsay and May Gibbs die;
Note: The Australian production of the rock musical Hair premieres in Sydney;
Note: Top pop groups The Easybeats and The Twilights break up; Tim Burstall directs2000 Weeks, the first all-Australian feature released since Charles Chauvel's Jedda in 1958
|Australian History|| 1970|
Note: More than 200,000 people participate in the largest demonstrations in Australian history, against the Vietnam War
|Australian History|| 1971|
Note: Neville Bonner becomes the first Aborigine to become an Australian Member of Parliament;
Note: John Gorton resigns and is succeeded by William McMahon
Note: The 1971 Springbok tour sparks protest all throughout Australia. Premier of Queensland Joh Bjelke-Petersen declares a state of emergency in QLD in response to escalating protest.
Note: Daylight Saving is introduced to New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory.
|Australian History|| 1972|
Note: The Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Commission rules that women doing the same job as men have the right to be paid the same wage.
Note: Aboriginal Tent Embassy erected in response to the Coalition government's approval of exploration licences and mining tenements on reserves
Note: The first Labor government since 1949 is elected under the leadership of Gough Whitlam
Note: Australia recognizes the People's Republic of China
Note: Queensland abandons Daylight Saving.
|Australian History|| 1973|
Note: The Sydney Opera House is opened
Note: The White Australian Policy (established 1901) is officially dismantled
Note: Vietnam War ends
Note: The federal voting age is dropped from 21 to 18
Note: Unionists save the historic 'The Rocks' area of Sydney from demolition by introducing 'Green Bans'
Note: Patrick White becomes the first Australian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature
|Australian History|| 1974|
Note: Darwin is devastated by Cyclone Tracy
|Australian History|| 1975|
Note: (November) A constitutional crisis occurs when Malcolm Fraser blocks supply, bringing the nation to a standstill until Governor-General John Kerr dismisses Prime Minister Gough Whitlam on the 11.11.75. Fraser wins elections and becomes Prime Minister
Note: The 'Privy Council (Appeals from the High Court) Act removes the right to appeal High Court decisions to the British Privy Council. Appeals to the Privy Council direct from State Supreme Courts remain until 1988.
Note: South Australia becomes the first state in Australia to legalise homosexuality between consenting adults in private.
Note: Whitlam government introduced the Aboriginal Land (NT) Bill into Parliament. The bill proposed land rights in the Northern Territory based on land claimed on grounds of need as well as traditional affiliation and traditional landowners maintaining control over mining and development.
|Australian History|| 1976|
Note: The Australian Capital Territory legalises homosexuality between consenting adults in private.
|Australian History|| 1977|
Note: Advance Australia Fair becomes Australia's official national anthem
Note: Granville rail disaster killed eighty-three people
|Death of a son|| 1978|
son - Alan John Gregg
|Australian History|| 1978|
Note: The First Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras kicks off in Sydney
|Australian History|| 1979|
Note: Australian women win the right to maternity leave
Note: Kakadu National Park and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park are both proclaimed.
|Australian History|| 1980|
Note: Baby Azaria Chamberlain disappears from a campsite at Uluru (Ayers Rock), reportedly taken by a dingo. The Coalition wins the 1980 Australian federal election.
|Australian History|| 1981|
Note: A referendum is held in Tasmania to vote for whether or not the Franklin Dam should be built.
|Death|| 19 May 1981|
Internal reference I1007Last change 28 February 2000
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